Citation Networks

When doing research on anything, professional or personal, I do not look at who is presenting the information I need. The author of an article or the person speaking in a TED talk give the reader/viewer the knowledge they know, and then that is it. I never though about if the people I cite in essays are diverse, because I do not think that it is relevant to what I am writing about. Having no picture next to the author is private, and gives nothing away about him or her.

The task of this particular blog post was to read a different blog post about making your citations diverse and researching the researchers you cite so that a works cited is a melting pot of backgrounds. The blog post “Making Our Future Through Anti-Racist Citation Networks”  by Andre Habet explains how he wants goes into researching the people he wants to cite in a paper so that his projects come from a variety of backgrounds. He explains that he wants people to think of works cited differently, and for people to think that there is a mixture of authors.

I like that Habet dives deep into the people he cites. I think that is a practice people should do more when researching. Personally, I do not see the point. If a person writes an article that is in my search results, I will choose to use it or not based on content. I do not want to consider who is writing it, because it does not make their findings less important.

I think what would be interesting to do is write a paper or something with multiple sources, and THEN go back and look at the works cited. This will prove how diverse a list of names as resources will be. This would also be a good starting point for somebody that wants to ensure their resources come from different backgrounds.


Comparative Case Studies and the Business World

I found an article titled, “Qualitative Case Study Methodology: Study Design and Implementation for Novice Researchers”, that explains how to fully execute a comparative case study. It explains the right questions to ask, when one should use this methodology, and different types of case studies.

This is helpful to me because this article says that it is helpful when trying to explain two things that do not usually intertwine, collide into a well structured research question. It is repeated throughout the article that this research answers “how” and “why” questions. These are the types of questions that should be answered when doing research, because they are likely to have longer than ‘yes’ or ‘no’ answers. It also says that is is helpful for ‘phenomena is influenced by the context within which it is situated’ (Baxter and Jack, 556).  This is useful because it is trying to explain how things might happen because of the environment around it.

While I am in the business school studying accounting, this method will be helpful when trying to do research because it can put two separate events within context of each other.

There is not much research done for capstones in the business school. This is probably because us Whiman students have to do a final project, anyway, our senior year. If we are also in the honors program, we have to do this business project in addition to a capstone. Which is a lot of work for one student. I think that knowing about this method will help make my potential capstone easier. Using this method I can easily formulate a scientific question about topics within the business world, and then find the answers.


Quality Research

I remember in elementary school, my fifth grade teacher always said Quality over Quantity when writing anything. This has stuck with me throughout my school years. I always try to write concise papers without the ‘fluff’.

I had to read the intro first chapter in the book Qualitative Research Methods for Media Studies, by Bonnie S. Brennan, that explains the differences of quantitative research and qualitative research.

I liked how she described the differences in research. She explains quantitative research as numbers and how numbers can explain things. Also that some people rely on numbers more than thoughts because it can be explained through a formula or something similar. Qualitative research is something with thoughts and questions; or, as Brennan puts it, “interdisciplinary, interpretative, political and theoretical in nature” (4).

She even explains her different methodologies when doing her own qualitative research. She mentions mostly different forms of textual analysis, historical analysis, case studies, and interviews. Triangulation is defined as merging two or more methods when researching, and she says she uses this when she does projects. Since qualitative research involves lots of different understandings of views, researchers need to incorporate all methods necessary to get the amount of knowledge they want.

The second chapter was all about qualitative research. There was a section about ethics in this type of research. I also like that there were clear steps to this process and a template for how to write qualitative research. It then goes on to explain the parts of a paper in detain. This is very helpful for the next time i need to do qualitative research.

I did like this book for the fact that it helped me realize what the main differences are between qualitative and quantitative work. It was very clear and well-written. I also liked how it included questions that the writer should have when writing certain research.

Women in Tech Panel

A professor at the iSchool is moderating  panel of women who have made it very high in the tech field of a male-dominated industry.

Kate Brodock works with startups. She said that people should asses if they need to actually get a degree in a potential career path. Apparently she has multiple degrees in whatever she thought she was going to work, but she has seen that some collegiate degrees are not necessary. She knows that paths can be non-linear, and she still has no idea what she is going to do.

Brodock answers another question by saying that there is a system already in place that does not allow women to move up in leadership positions. A piece of advice that she is giving to girls are to know the hurdles in the industry BEFORE you get there. Have the knowledge to ask the right questions to employers or companies about women within the industry.

Maira Benjamin is an engineer at Pandora. She said that ‘women get promoted based on performance before potential, unlike men’ which is something I learned. She wants to see more ladies be Chief Technology Officer, because now there are so few. She wants girls to talk to her about opportunities to become high up within the technology sector. “Don’t look for a guy to help you, look for a woman to help you” is what Benjamin is proud of and is very passionate about.

She is advising to be open with men and sincere about the real issues going on in the workplace.

Lynn Root is an engineer at Spotify. She encouraged to network and keep connections. ‘Maintaining relationships is what got me here today’ is something she said that really stuck with me.

I have heard this many times, over and over, but it really makes sense. Putting yourself out there and having to keep up relationships is so important because you never know who other people are or who they know.

“Don’t be afraid to ask for what [you] think [you] deserve” is something Root said about trying to get promoted. She said that she is the first female in her department to reach where she is, and she is going to try and keep climbing. She has had multiple conversations with authority above her about promotions or getting what you think you deserve. 30571905_1981856125175293_6987840030278418432_o

Perspectives on Text

Joe Harris wrote a journal entry entitled “Coming to Terms”. The beginning of the text he mentions how an author transcribed the original Don Quixote story into his own words. This is important to this text because he likes how it is important to make a writer’s sources their own. He wants writers to look at a potential source, and almost re-word it so it makes sense to the writer, which would then translate into the project. Harris emphasizes the need to “make sense” of all the writings we encounter while doing our own research for our own writings.

In the article he talks about different texts, why we read texts, and a different perspective on rewriting things that are already written. I thought it was boring, but he did make clear arguments on why it is important for people to read.

One of the things Harris said about quoting a source in an author’s own essay is that “[the author] quote[s] from a text to show what [the author’s] perspective on what makes it visible”. I really like this quote because I was always very confused on how much to quote in an essay from other sources. Harris makes the argument that we should quote things on what there could be different interpretations of.


We also got to play around with TAPoR, a database that just holds other websites. These websites are used mainly for writing purposes, but there are many to choose from.

I really liked the website Voyant Tools. The user can either upload or type in a document or any kind of text into the generator. The output has many different parts. It shows how many times a user repeated a word, how often the word is used in certain area of the text, vocabulary density, average words per sentence, and many other things. I think I will use this in the future. I am known to be very repetitive in my professional essays, so having this tool can help expand my vocabulary. I can upload my document and it will do the calculations for me.


So, it has been a while since I have posted on here. Over break, I really learned the importance of connections and how technology can play a large role in that.

Social media makes it easy to see what people are up to and talking on a simple platform. Applications like Facebook and Instagram are helpful when trying to stay updated with big life events. Other applications like Snapchat, Skype, and other video-chatting based ones are good for when people want to see the other person.

I know that ‘everybody uses these’ and they’re very popular right now, but sometimes we only talk to the people we want to talk to. Out of my friends, I know that we only talk to the same number of people everyday. If more people utilized these applications to make old connections new again, then people would have more friends and a larger network. I know that these new connections would not be a new daily conversation, but it is nice to reconnect with past friends.

This happened to me over break a few times, and I just wanted to write about it. Technology was a big key to the new communication. The only way I talked to my past friends was because of Facebook, Snapchat, and Skype.

Models of Business

For this project, I have been back and forth on many topics. I wanted to do something in the business world, which is huge. In class I talked with people about Athleisure and the big health/fitness trend. While looking for a source, I came across a recent article about the Fashion Industry written by Eileen Boris. “Fashion Works” has a few sections within the entire piece, and I stumbled upon the business of modeling. She explains how human models are used, how bodies are seen compared to mannequins, and how the industry can scout models with how quickly trends change.

I know this is very different, but the topic of the modeling industry is interesting to me, because I am also interested in the retail industry. These two industries are intertwined, and I would like to think of a research question to go into. This could be anything about photo shopping models, plus-size industry, if models have a connection to how the youth views their bodies, and if it is ethical to even have human models.

MLA Sourcing Format

Eileen Boris. “Fashion Works.” Feminist Studies, vol. 43, no. 1, 2017, pp. 169–192. JSTOR, JSTOR,

Rhetoric, Design

I had to read the article “Declaration by Design: Rhetoric, Argument, and Demonstration in Design Practice” by Richard Buchanan. This is a great article. It really explains the different parts of rhetoric and communication. It shows a lot of different communication styles through art of all kinds.

Buchanan uses many examples in his text. Many of the pictures included are furniture and other home goods. I like his use of this because they are very relatable objects, yet most are skewed so that they are more creative. The couch example is unique because it is not a ‘normal’ design of how a couch should be.

I am a big fan of when he connects design with technology. I know that he does mention any of today’s computer software, but I think it can come into play here. All types of designers use technology to make sure their projects can come to life. This can be in any form of Adobe Photoshop, 3D printing software, even all of the Microsoft Word, Powerpoint, and Excel products. These are globally known applications, and some industries rely heavily on their uses. I am currently an accounting major, which does not sound so creative (and trust me, it’s not). But there is a type of art to journal entries and the cookie cutter way a firm does its books. And all of this needs technology, specifically a type of accounting software and a system to run it on. And It has to be designed so that people can use it. The designers have to use ethos, pathos, and logos to make sure that the right emotions, logic, and ethics are coming across in their software.

He also goes into design as a verb. I really liked this long definition of design using it as a verb. It talks about how design is all about decision making in all aspects of whatever the design is. Even though he knows that other professions are called other things, they are all designers. Professions such as engineers, artists, architects, and

Cobalt (Blue?)

I feel like Cobalt Blue is a Crayola Crayon color that many kids grew up with. I definitely remember picking odd colors out of the 24 box, and that being one of the many shades of blue.

But did you know Cobalt is also a very important mineral? It is used in new technologies because it helps batteries do something and makes everything portable with its cool things it can do (I have no idea what the specifics are, as you can probably tell).

“The Cobalt Pipeline” is an article in the The Washington Post about how major tech companies get Cobalt, and how it is usually a very inhumane way. Most of the supply comes from the Congo, and miners have to go into the ground to find it. They mine it using hand made tools in harsh conditions. Also, most miners do not realize where all of this Cobalt is ending up. They just know that they should mine it for very little money, that they then immediately spend for essential items.

Tech companies rely on Cobalt for their products. Companies such as Apple, Tesla, LG, and Samsung are all users of this mineral. They all say that most of their supply is not from Congo or that only a very small percentage is.

I feel like something needs to change. It is not fair that major companies that make so much money do not want to help the lower level miners that get resources they need. Some ethical policies should be put into place that the miners of Congo get more compensation for their hard work. Many accidents happen while on the job, and nobody cares about it. The work they do is essential to making consumer products that they should be making more than around $2-$3 dollars a day.

I have no idea what could be done to change this right now. It will take time for large corporations to make changes to their own policies, but something should be done. These miners are important for the advancement of today’s technology, and they are left to almost nothing.

Accounting is so Boring…but for a Capstone?

Currently, I am only a sophomore here at Syracuse University in the Whitman School of Management. I am an accounting major, with maybe an addition of a second major of supply chain management. I am not sure where to actually start for my capstone. Are Sophomores even thinking about what they are going to write? Can I just wait until my senior year to start thinking about it?

Apparently, though we ‘should’ be thinking about what we are going to write a long paper on now. And I do know that I want to write about something that is about my major. I want to experience things that would inspire me to write something. This event could be something as simple as working in an accounting firm or waiting for the next big financial scandal. Which is why I want to wait, because these events are things that are related to my major that I might want to talk about. That might even be mandatory. Things happen within the finance industry all the time, and I want to write about some cool event. Events like big ponzi schemes, bailouts, mergers, and the Enron case would be fun to really dive deep into. Also, when I was looking through the previous capstones, they were somewhat similar. I want to make mine interesting so that not just accounting people would want to read it.

Maybe another idea would be the role of technology in accounting. Last night, my accounting fraternity (Beta Alpha Psi) has a meeting with an accounting firm, Ernst & Young (EY). They brought a few young professionals, and another employee that only works in their technology department. He talked about the potential for robots in the accounting field and how this would not lose jobs, only gain more. Thinking about it now, this could be a cool topic for a capstone. I could explain how this industry has moved from using pencils, paper, and books, to artificial intelligence, robots, and automation.

Funding for this project would be particularly easy. I could ask to go to accounting firms to see what technology they would be using.

I was looking through the previous capstone projects, searching for something that was related to accounting. I found one about profits, which is definitely is used in accounting. Accounting majors do not take many writing classes (this one), so it was interesting that I found one related to something in the field of accounting. Spring 2016 graduate, Byron Dela Rosa, wrote this capstone. It is titled, “Profit Shifting and Manipulation”, which gives the reader warning that this paper is about the accounting/finance industry. I like it because it connects to accounting, without the whole essay being about accounting. Written by an accounting major, Dela Rosa goes into the subject of companies manipulating their income within foreign markets.

This topic is not very specific to accounting, but it does fit in the overarching industry accounting falls into. He writes about profit shifting: when a country that operates in two separate countries, the company moves their profits to the other country to get a smaller percentage of income tax. He explains how this is a legal practice. More countries than one would think do this because it is legal. There are some barriers for companies getting into these markets. At the end he gives some examples for countries that have different ways of profit shifting.

Dela Rosa was very clear and I liked his real world examples. He explained terms well and they were placed in the right sections of this paper. Also, his examples of major companies were relatable because of their popularity. I hope that I could write mine with all of these simple things in mind.